Calculating representation entitlements of states and territories explains when and how the entitlement determination is achieved.
Once the redistribution of a state or territory has commenced, a webpage will be established which will be updated on an ongoing basis and will include:
Information about previous redistributions is also available.
The name of a federal electoral division can only be changed as part of a federal redistribution in the relevant state or territory.
Interested persons or organisations are able to propose alternative names for existing electoral divisions as part of the redistribution process. Names can only be proposed during one of the following input periods:
Proposals for alternative names received outside of these periods cannot be considered.
The Redistribution Committee for the state or territory will propose names of electoral divisions as part of their proposed redistribution. Interested persons or organisations are able to present alternatives to these names as part of the objections and comments on objections process. The augmented Electoral Commission for the state or territory will make a determination of the names of electoral divisions.
There is no set of prescribed criteria that must be adhered to when considering naming or renaming a division. There is however a set of non-binding guidelines for naming divisions that have been developed following a number of recommendations by Parliamentary Committees. A Redistribution Committee or augmented Electoral Commission may refer to these guidelines to assist with their decision making process.
A Redistribution Committee is appointed for the state or territory in which a redistribution has commenced.
A Redistribution Committee must develop a set of proposals for dividing each state or territory into a number of electoral divisions equal to its entitlement in the House of Representatives. In developing its proposals, the Redistribution Committee must remain within the numerical quotas for the current and projected enrolment. The Redistribution Committee shall also give due consideration to:
Electoral boundaries are drawn so that, as far as practicable, three and a half years after the redistribution has been completed, the enrolment in each electoral division should not vary from the state average by more than 3.5 per cent. This is also known as the 'projection time'.
Note: The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 provides separate provisions for the projection time if another redistribution is expected sooner than seven years.
There are four times during the redistribution process when interested persons or organisations are invited to have a say on where they think the boundaries for an electoral division should be located or the name of an electoral division.
While anyone can provide input into the redistributions process, it can only be accepted and considered if made during the following times:
The redistribution timetable outlines the legislative timeframes for lodging public suggestions. Once the redistribution of a state or territory has commenced, a webpage will be published which will include an indicative timetable outlining when suggestions and objections can be made.
Anything received outside of these times cannot be considered by the Redistribution Committee or the augmented Electoral Commission.
Guidelines are available to assist people or organisations interested in making submissions to the Redistribution Committee.
An augmented Electoral Commission is established for each state or territory in which a redistribution is occurring.
No, a federal redistribution is a separate exercise to a state or territory redistribution that may be happening at the same time. The two processes are not related as they are governed by different legislation and timeframes.
Electors affected by changes to electoral boundaries will be notified of this change before the next federal election.
For the purpose of electing members to the House of Representatives, the new electoral boundaries do not come into effect until the next federal election.
The enrolment of new electors and changes to existing enrolments are implemented immediately following the determination of the new electoral boundaries.
Note: If a by-election is held prior to the next federal election, the by-election will be conducted on the existing electoral boundaries not the redistributed boundaries.
If the writ for a House of Representatives election is issued before the completion of a redistribution and there is no change to the number of electoral divisions for the state or territory, the election would be contested on the current electoral boundaries. The work of the Redistribution Committee would continue irrespective of the election.
However, if the writ for a House of Representatives election was issued before the completion of a redistribution which was occurring due to a change of entitlement, a mini-redistribution would be required (section 76 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918).
A mini-redistribution takes place as follows:
These electoral divisions would continue to apply until the next redistribution is triggered.
Each electoral cycle the Australian Electoral Commissioner uses population data to determine the number of seats each state and territory is entitled to. This determination can lead to a state or territory either losing or gaining a seat. However, this does not mean that if one jurisdiction loses a seat another must gain one or vice versa.
The calculation of a state or territory’s entitlement is made relative to the population of other states but irrespective of the number of seats other jurisdictions are entitled to.